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Food Glossary

Here a useful food glossary with the basic terms of gastronomy that you might use when cooking from Italian recipes or at restaurant to better understand elaborate menus or showing off a bit of knowledge about Italian cuisine terminology.

Basics

Cameriere/a ka-mer-ye-re/a waiter
Cena che-na dinner
Coltello kol-te-lo knife
Conto kon-to bill
Cucchiaio koo-kya-yo spoon
Forchetta for-ke-ta fork
(non) fumatori (non) foo-ma-to-ree (non) smoking
Pranzo pran-dzo lunch
Prima colazione pree-ma-ko-la-tsyo-ne breakfast
Spuntini spun-ti-ni snacks



Staples

Aceto a-che-to vinegar
Acqua ac-wa water
Aglio a-lyo garlic
Burro bu-ro butter
Formaggio for-ma-jo cheese
Latte la-te milk
Limone lee-mo-ne lemon
Miele mye-le honey
Olio o-lyo oil
Olive o-lee-ve olive
Pane pa-ne bread
Panna pa-na cream
Peperoncino pe-pe-ron-chee-no chilli
Riso ree-so rice
Rucola roo-co-la rocket
Sale sa-le salt
Uovo/uova wo-vo/ wo-va egg/eggs
Zucchero dzoo-ke-ro sugar



Meal Preparation

Arrosto a-ros-to roasted
Bollito/a bo-lee-to/ta boiled
Cotto/a co-to/ta cooked
Crudo/a croo-do/da raw
Fritto/a free-to/ta fried
Griglia gree-lya grilled



Meat, Fish and Seafood

Acciughe a-choo-ge anchovies
Agnello a-nye-lo lamb
Aragosta a-ra-go-sta lobster
Bistecca bi-ste-ca steak
Calamari ca-la-ma-ree squid
Capretto cap-re-to kid (goat)
Coniglio co-nee-lyo rabbit
Cozze co-tse mussels
Fegato fe-ga-to liver
Frutti di mare froo-tee-dee ma-re see food
Gamberoni gam-be-ro-nee king prawns
Granchio gran-kyo crab
Manzo man-dzo beef
Merluzzo mer-loo-tso cod
Ostriche os-tree-ke oysters
Pesce spada pe-she-spa-da swordfish
Pollo po-lo chicken
Polpi pol-pee octopus
Salsiccia sal-see-cha sausage
Sarde sar-de sardines
Seppia se-pya cuttlefish
Sgombro sgom-bro mackerel
Tonno to-no tuna
Trippa tree-pa tripe
Vitello vee-te-lo veal
Vongole von-go-le clams



Fruit and Vegetables

Arancia a-ran-cha orange
Asparagi as-pa-ra-jee asparagus
Carciofi car-chyo-fee artichokes
Carota ca-ro-ta carrot
Cavolo ca-vo-lo cabbage
Ciliegia chee-lye-ja cherry
Fagiolini fa-jo-lee-nee green beans
Finocchio fee-no-kyo fennel
Fragole fra-go-le strawberries
Funghi foon-gee mushrooms
Mela me-la apple
Melanzane me-lan-dza-ne aubergine
Patata pa-ta-ta potatoes
Pepe pe-pe pepper
Peperoni pe-pe-ro-nee capsicum
Pere pe-re pears
Pesca pes-ka peach
Piselli pee-se-lee peas
Pomodori po-mo-do-ree tomatoes
Spinaci spee-na-chee spinach
Uva oo-va grapes



Drinks

Birra bee-ra beer
Caffè ca-fe coffee
te tea
Vino rosso
bianco/dolce
vee-no-ro-so
byan -ko/ dol -che

(red/white/sweet)
wine

Bread

Olive

Formaggi

Carciofi

Melenzana

Mellone Giallo

Peperoni

Pesce

Anguria

Pomodorini

Fichi d'India

Uva

Fresh basil

Grecanico grape

Red Oranges from Ribera (Ag)

Sicilian sardines

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